Controlling leptospirosis by vaccination has historically been the primary way of preventing lepto in humans.
However vaccination only minimises the risk and there are other things which increase the risk of you contracting human lepto that we need to be sure you are aware of.
Rising rates of human infection have made it clear that further steps are needed to reduce the risk of people becoming infected. Basic hygiene and care when handling animals are essential, and reducing cattle contact with potential sources of infection is also helpful. Most importantly, every person on farm needs to be regularly educated about the severity of leptospirosis, and how to reduce their own risk of infection.
- Vaccination of animals reduces the risk to humans, but does not eliminate it.
- Basic hygiene must always be practiced.
- Avoid contact with urine, such as splashes in the shed.
- Cover cuts with waterproof plasters.
- Wash hands with disinfectant.
- Avoid contact between hands and eyes/mouth during milkings.
- No smoking, eating or drinking in the shed.
- Wear gloves and aprons during risky procedures, such as milking, calvings or RFMs.
- Be especially careful around aborting cows and aborted material.